How easy to Guppy fish breeding and care in your own?
Hello guys, Everybody knows that Guppy fish is so much colorful and easy to care in your home aquarium. Today we talk how to Guppy fish breeding easy way in your aquarium right now.
Guppies – unpretentious fish, with their content under the power to cope even beginners in aquariums. Females can not boast of a bright coloration, but males shine with all the colors of the rainbow, especially the guppy tail is beautiful. Guppies are viviparous fishes, therefore at the moment of birth fry are already fully formed and can feed on infusoria, small fodder and independently swim.
Guppies multiply even in small aquariums, the gestation period of fish is about 30-40 days, depending on the conditions of detention. Pregnant females are planted in a separate jar or aquarium with a temperature of 22-26 degrees. The time of deposition can be determined by darkening the calf and rounded abdomen. Since females are prone to eating offspring, floating aquatic plants are placed in the aquarium. If the fish can not be born, this process is stimulated by adding a little fresh water and, raising the temperature by 2-4 degrees, sometimes the male is attached.
Nature and Habit
The natural habitat of guppies is the United States, southern and central America. Fishes keep flocks in freshwater reservoirs or estuaries of rivers or lagoons. In captivity, usually, live 3-4 years. The main color of guppies: blue, gray, cream, silver or white. Additional impregnations can be black, red, yellow, green, blue or metallic. The fins of the guppies are small, rounded, while absolutely colorless.
With regard to size, males are 1.5-4 cm long, thoroughbred representatives differ in long fins and mottled coloration. Also, males have an anal fin, which is called gonopodia. Female guppies are larger, reach a length of 7 cm, they do not have an anal fin, but caviar is visible. In many individuals, the natural color is gray, and on the body of scales in the form of a rhombic mesh.
History and selection of guppies
Fish of this species were named in honor of the priest and scholar Robert Guppy, a native of England. He was collecting plants and soil samples on the island of Trinidad, when accidentally in one of the reservoirs saw brightly colored small fish. Looking closely, he noted that they do not lay eggs as most individuals, but immediately give birth to fry. In 1886, he returned home and addressed the Royal Society with a report on the discovered tropical live-born fish. However, he was not believed that such small fish could be viviparous, and as it turned out, soon in the aquariums of the British Museum appeared hundreds of guppies, which multiplied from specimens brought to the scientist.
Oddly enough, for the first time fish were brought to Europe much earlier, in 1859 the ichthyologist from Germany Wilhelm Peters discovered in one of the collections a guppy specimen, outwardly these fish looked like the family of the Peculiar (Poecilidae). In 1861, scientists from Spain, Philippi, discovered the same fish in a collection sent from Barbados.
The director of the British Museum did not seem to know about these discoveries, therefore he named Robert Guppy the pioneer and appropriated the new aquarium form to the named Girardinus guppy.
For several decades, breeders have brought out 13 varieties of guppies, which differ in the size and shape of the caudal fin. Also, 8 species of traditional guppy coloring were removed. Based on 2 main signs, there are about 100 combinations of background coloring and forms of fish of this species in the world.
Guppy fish breeding
To keep the representatives of the guppy family, an aquarium of almost any capacity is suitable. One pair of fish can be lodged even in a three-liter jar, however, in such an amount of water the representatives of this species can not reach large sizes. On average, each fish should have 1.5-2 liters of water. The main factor for content and breeding is the quality of water, the three most important parameters are rigidity, acidity and, of course, purity.
The smaller the volume of the aquarium, the faster the products of the guppies’ vital activity pollute the water, in this environment the pathogenic organisms develop more rapidly, which can cause illness and even death of the inhabitants. It is desirable to keep guppies in spacious aquariums, regularly change the water. The most acceptable plant for an aquarium with a guppy is an Indian fern, which can be called a unique living filter. The hydrogen index of water should be about 7, equip the “dwelling” of fish with good filtration. Remember, the PH value is variable, it depends on the lighting, the number of inhabitants of the aquarium, the presence of plants.
Water hardness is a parameter that should not exceed 4-10 ° DH. Excessively hard or distilled water is not suitable for guppy content. Do not forget about the lighting, the average light day should last 10-12 hours, it is recommended that sometime the sun shines on the aquarium. Determine whether enough light, you can with the help of Indian ferns: if it grows well and has a healthy green color, then there is enough light for the fish. If the leaves are brown, and the fern grows sluggish, then there is a clear deficit of light, with an excess of light, the water begins to “bloom”, and the fern becomes covered with algae. Soil for the aquarium should not be very dense, choose medium fractions. To wash it is necessary not less often, than time in half a year, preliminary checking on solubility.
Guppies are practically omnivorous fish, in addition to infusorians and cyclops, they readily eat dry food, finely chopped meat, squid fillets, cereals. Prevail in the diet of fish should be live food, which is desirable to alternately alternate: daphnia, small bloodworm, artemia, sometimes you can give tubular, more or corpuscle. In a small number of inhabitants of the aquarium give and vegetable feed, you can feed with mixed fodders. The main thing – do not pour too much food, otherwise, part of it will settle on the bottom and pollute the aquarium, change the water regularly.
Compatibility of guppies with other fish species
To keep guppy fish breeding in captivity, you will need an aquarium with a large number of plants. These fish are pretty peaceful and will perfectly coexist with non-aggressive fish. You can not choose fast swimming fish as companions, for example, barbs, they are very active and can catch on fins and beautiful tails of male guppies and simply tear them away.
After Guppy fish breeding the baby guppy swims in the upper and middle layers of the water so that it is possible to populate the peaceful schooling fish of the family of haracine, corridor, neon, danio-reno, picelium. Also, guppies will not interfere with those fish that prefer the lower layers of water for habitation. They are fish of the gods, small catfishes. It is better to refuse joint content with cichlids.
Interesting facts about Guppy fish breeding
- To give birth to the offspring of this little fish, sometimes even a glass of water is enough.
- In the second half of the 19th century, Europeans noted that on one of the islands in which the guppies were breeding, local people did not suffer from malaria. And on the neighboring continents, where these fish were not found, the disease raged. After the fish were colonized in the reservoirs of the West Indies and some regions of America, the incidence of malaria decreased.
- Experiments to cross guppies have helped genetic scientists understand the laws of heredity.
- Guppies are very sensitive to the environment, so they experienced the degree of wastewater treatment, the effect of chemicals.
- Guppies are the first freshwater aquarium fish that even managed to visit space, aboard the Salyut-5 orbital station.
Guppy fish breeding is so much easy if you follow all instructions. So now you decided when you start this colorful fishes breeding and fulfill your aquarium many colorful guppies.