How to care freshwater live aquarium plants?
Freshwater live aquarium plants are very beautiful and give some mystery and depth to the aquarium itself, and the interior of the apartment. But they also support the ecological system of the aquarium. Of course, care is needed for live freshwater aquatic plants, for healthy growth. This is a set of measures aimed at the health of the flora and its growth. This is the temperature of the water, and the quality of the soil, and fertilizing with fertilizers, and the presence of light, etc. Live Aquarium plants can be both capricious and unpretentious. For beginners aquarists, there is a large selection of special unpretentious plants.
Some recommendations for the preparation of aquarium plants
Damaged plants, First of all, remember that when buying plants, you need to inspect them for defects so that there are no signs of rot or sharp color changes. Healthy plants have bright and saturated colors ranging from light green to dark red. Secondly, do not immediately as you arrived home, put the bought bush in the water or try to stick it into the ground.
In the beginning, it must be prepared and disinfected. As such a solution, manganese is usually used. On the floor, a liter jar throws only two or three crystals of potassium permanganate, stir and pour into a wide bowl. The solution should be slightly pinkish, so as not to burn the delicate petals. There and put them for 5 minutes, then rinse with warm boiled water and put it in the standing water (but not in the aquarium) for an hour. Now your plants are ready for transplant! And one more recommendation for freshwater live aquarium plants: to plant shoots it is necessary from the back of the aquarium. Initially, the bottom plants, the roots of which are covered with soil, and the growth buds are left from above.
Plants for Beginners
Javanese moss For those who have just started aquarium design, there are special freshwater freshwater live aquarium plants for beginners. These representatives have a beautiful appearance, and their survival can be compared to weeds. The rate of their growth is great, and if they are thoroughly entrenched in your aquarium, then it will be difficult to withdraw them. Care of them is not required. They are well established and can grow in low light. As for fertilizers, they fit the products of the life of fish.
Such live aquarium plants help beginners develop some skills. As the most unpretentious aquarium plants, you can recommend January moss, Thai fern, hornwort, lemongrass, hydrophilic patterned, Indian fern, echinodorus , marsilea, krima, Anubis, and naiad. Despite its intricate names, it’s all – unpretentious live aquarium plants that perfectly acclimatize, form magnificent thickets, and can grow in a wide variety of conditions. To care for them will require a minimum of effort, and the beauty in your house for fish will surpass all expectations.
Fertilizers and soil for aquarium plants
Some species of freshwater live aquarium plants require special care for themselves. For this, there are fertilizers for aquarium plants, which can be divided into trace elements, macronutrients and special hardness salts. As micronutrients for fertilizing plants in the aquarium, iron, boron, copper, manganese, zinc, molybdenum is used. The macroelements include nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. But hardness salts are temporary and permanent. Bicarbonate will create temporary stiffness, and calcium and magnesium – a permanent stiffness. But it must be remembered that fertilizers for aquarium plants should not be used too often, but only as necessary.
Also, a great role for good growth and prosperity is played by soil for live aquarium plants. You can buy it in specialized stores. Do not take soil from a river or lake. Quartz sand also does not work, because fish, playing in the ground, can get hurt about it. For some species of tropical plants, soil heating is required, since in the natural environment they grew in a warm environment. Echinodorus If the plant receives nutrients from the soil only with the help of the root system, it must be placed in the soil in special pots or bowls. The same applies to plants whose root work is difficult (echinoderms, cryptocoryne, aminoketone ).
The pots and pots are filled with earth mixture. This mixture consists of 1/3 of aquarium peat and 2/3 of clay. You can prepare the mixture both with your own hands, and buy readily. But remember that you absolutely can not use the earth for flowers in aquariums! To the internal design of the aquarium remained beautiful, pots and pots are decorated with soil or special stones.
Why do not the plants grow in the aquarium?
If the plants do not grow in the aquarium, it is necessary to pay attention to the following factors: light, water temperature, nutrients and carbon dioxide. Absorbing nutrients in the process of photosynthesis, new cells are obtained, while the process itself is possible only in the presence of light. At night, the plant absorbs oxygen, releasing carbon dioxide. The water temperature should not be too cold or too warm. All these factors must be in balance with each other.
Also, pay attention to the number of fish, maybe the plants in your aquarium do not grow because of their overabundance. And maybe your plants just do not have enough nutrition. After all, no one is surprised that we feed fish in the aquarium, also the plants need their own food. In order for the nutrients to flow in full, fertilizing is required. The choice of the necessary chemical elements depends on the pH value. If the environment of your aquarium is acidic, that is, the pH is less than 6.5, then it is better to use nitrates. As has been proved by experiments, in an acidic environment such nitrate supplementation is better assimilated by freshwater live aquarium plants than, for example, ammonia salts. Conversely, if the water is slightly alkaline or neutral, ammonia nitrogen is necessary for healthy growth (preferably urea or urea).
Lamps for plants in the aquarium
To provide the fish house with enough light, lamps for plants are used. After all, light is required for the plant to feed and is the basis for growth. It is thanks to him that photosynthesis takes place – the main thing for the life of your aquarium flora. With a lack of light, the plant can wither. If there is not enough light constantly, then it will perish.
Therefore, if your aquarium does not get enough light, then be sure to use lamps for plants. For aquarium lamps, two indicators are important: the power and spectrum of the lamp. On average, an aquarium with a water height of about 40-45 cm needs 0.4-0.5 W per 1 liter of water. Such light will give an average indicator of illumination, which is suitable for most species of aquarium plants. That is, for an aquarium of 100 liters with a height of water of 40-45 cm, a fluorescent lamp of 40-50 W or 2 lamps of 20 W is suitable. Your aquarium water height is more than 50 cm, then the power of the lamps will need to be doubled.
This journey helps to you for freshwater aquarium plants care. You also maintain a fully decorated a beautiful planted tank as your own.