How To Making an Aquarium 10 Step by Step in your home?
Before starting the making an aquarium work, it is worthwhile to draw a draft of an aquarium on paper, determining planting sites, the location of large stones, grottoes, snags and other elements. This will help significantly speed up the process of registration.
If your home aquarium is installed near the wall, then you can use a decorative backdrop. The easiest way to do this is through the various films and decorations sold at pet stores. And it’s more interesting to making an aquarium yourself using branches, leaves or decorative panels. The most natural design of the aquarium looks, if the background is decorated with thin tall plants or moss, planted a thick wall.
Making an aquarium, the stones is the most common and convenient. The stones not only decorate the aquarium but are also used by fish as a shelter and a place for spawning. For the aquarium, stones from granite, gneiss, basalt, porphyry, and other rocks are suitable. Stones from limestone, dolomite, and sandstone can be used only for aquariums with hard water. All large structures and stones are installed on the bottom to fill the main soil, and under them, it is recommended to lay plastic sheets to avoid damage to the bottom.
Backfilling is the next step in the design of the making an aquarium. If you will install in your aquarium bottom filters or heaters, they should be laid before filling the soil. In those places where the plants will be planted, under the main soil, it is recommended to fill the nutrient substrate. The optimal thickness of the main soil layer is 4-5 cm at the front wall and 6-7 cm at the rear. But remember that if the soil is not restrained by plant roots, decorative elements or special retaining devices, then eventually the soil will be distributed evenly along the bottom. A high relief of the bottom is created with the help of terraces.
Koryagi gives the aquarium an unusual appearance and can be used by fish as shelters. Moss and some other types of plants can also be fixed on them. Before installing in the aquarium snags found in the forest, they must be treated to reduce buoyancy. To do this, enameled dishes are poured with water and we put salt there until the salt ceases to dissolve. We place the driftwood there, pressing it to the bottom, and boiling for at least an hour. Then we thoroughly wash everything from the salt and leave it soaked further in clean water, sometimes changing it to fresh. Once you are convinced that the snag no longer floats, you can safely use it in the design of the aquarium.
To create an external background, it’s easier to paint the outside of the rear aquarium glass. The color should be dim, dark and resemble a riverbank (for example, dark gray, brown or black), but in no case is it yellow or fiery red. There are other ways: on the glass, you can paste carpet, plastic or paper of a suitable color. Quite an interesting effect can be created with cork tiles. You can buy a ready-made plastic background with the image. Such background in pet stores is in rolls of different heights, from which the required length is cut off. For freshwater aquariums offer different types of images – plants, driftwood, stones or their various combinations. Also now, huge backgrounds are very popular, but compared to the roll-up ones, they are quite expensive.
Stones – this is a very significant element in the design of the making an aquarium. Stones can not only decorate the aquarium but also be a hiding place for some species of aquarium fish, a substrate for spawning, especially for fish that lay eggs in caves. They are an element intended for attaching some aquarium plants, hiding technical means from the spectator, strengthening the walls of the terraces and forming part of the decorative walls.
For the aquarium stones from granite, gneiss, porphyry, basalt and other primary rocks can approach. The stones of their sandstone, limestone, and dolomite are installed in aquariums with hard water. The shape of the stones depends on the aquarium landscape and the purposes of its use. For the coastal landscape, slightly angular stones are suitable, which are laid in length, and for fish from flowing reservoirs – slightly rounded stones.
In the aquarium, it is undesirable to place stones that have sharp corners because they can injure fish. Stones before laying should be cleaned of dirt and boiled in water. It is necessary to carefully examine the stone for the presence of metallic inclusions in it, which form toxic solutions when interacting with water. To test the stones for the presence of lime, it must be dripped with hydrochloric acid. The presence of lime is characterized by the appearance of foam bubbles. After treatment and inspection, the stones must be rinsed again with water. To rid yourself of these procedures, you can just buy stones at the pet store.
Large stone slabs that form crevices are installed in a vertical position, and if they are unstable, then it is necessary to glue them to the aquarium bottom with the help of glue on a silicone-rubber base. Installation of stone slabs forming caves is performed on each other while ensuring their stability, if necessary, you can also use glue.
In general, all large stones and stone structures are stacked on the glass aquarium bottom, while avoiding the entry of soil under them. Small stones can be laid directly on the ground, but this must be avoided in the aquarium, where the fish live, who like to create shelter under the rocks. Undermining the soil under such stones can threaten them with death. Basically, the stones are either placed close to the walls of the aquarium or between them is provided a sufficient distance so that the fish can not be stuck there.
Thanks to driftwood, the underwater landscape acquires a distinctive appearance and becomes a shelter for fish, a place of attachment of some plants, and a support for terraces. It is necessary to take a dead tree, in which there are no vital juices. Ideally suited to the roots of trees, which for many years lay in the black turf of the upper marshes. Also, dead branches and roots of maple, ash, beech, willow, alder, dead for many years in flowing reservoirs are suitable.
You can not take wood with mold and rot, from reservoirs polluted with agricultural and industrial waste, and from muddy places. Before installing in the aquarium, the tree must be cleaned of bark and dirt, processed to remove the settled bacteria and expel air from the pores, giving buoyancy. Processing is carried out in a salty, and then flowing or often replaced by water. The crust for this must be placed in a galvanized enameled pottery filled with water, salt should be poured until part of it with intensive stirring settles in undissolved form to the bottom, that is, it is necessary to prepare a saturated saline solution. Then a sink is plunged into the solution and pressed down with a stone so that it does not float, you need to boil for at least an hour.
You can not consider shells a suitable decoration of the aquarium because they contain calcium carbonate, and they affect the hardness of water and pH. But for some species of fish, shells that they use as places for spawning and shelters may be necessary.
From the seaside, the shell must be sterilized beforehand by boiling, and then cleaned thoroughly of all available surfaces. Shells that have been empty for a while are well polished and preferable to shells containing shellfish. Shells that are sold as interior decorations can also come up provided they are not varnished or painted. Whichever shells you choose, they should be the right size first.
In the aquarium, you can place a galleon, a skeleton, a skull, a treasure chest and many other things that are sold in a large assortment in pet stores. Such crafts made of plastic, ceramics and other materials, located in the aquarium as products, very often please fans of the aquarium. The main thing is that such products are made of safe and non-toxic materials. Some household items can be used for decorating aquariums, for example, bottles and glass vessels, plastic jewelry. For aquariums, ceramic pots made of clay for plants or saucers-pans, pipes are often used as caves. Fish are happy to occupy such “caves”.
The aquarium, designed in the style of a pseudo- moon, transmits the underwater marine landscape as realistically as possible. It has a key feature – the water in it is fresh and the inhabitants, respectively, freshwater. The landscape can be kept in cool colors, and in bright, contrasting, everything depends on the room in which it will be located and from your own imagination.
Various shells, fancy stones, natural or artificial corals are suitable for decorating a pseudo-marine aquarium, and “wrecks”, “amphora” looking out from the ground, “destroyed columns”, locks, rocks selected according to the invoice, Color, and size to give the panorama a realistic look. Finish the picture of the fish, preferably a bright color, usually cichlids, able to adapt to the rigidity of fresh water. It is worth noting that living plants do not get along well with this kind of fish, as with others like them, so it’s better to use artificial ones.
Lighting in the pseudo-moon is also a part making an aquarium a kind of decoration, as a rule, this is the effect of blue water created by a combination of lamps, otherwise, it should be not bright, in order to avoid the overgrowing of the aquarium.
To maintain water quality, a pseudo-marine aquarium, like any other, needs a good filtration system. The water temperature is maintained individually, depending on the inhabitants and in accordance with their natural temperature environment.
To create a pseudo-sea, a making an aquarium of any shape and size, like unusual balls, arcs and prisms, as well as traditional rectangular, “panoramas” or “deltas, will fit in. There are no definite recommendations since the pseudo-moon is surprisingly versatile and looks good in any form.
When you design a making an aquarium for marine fish, you can use the same materials as for marine. For example, for the priming of soil using natural marble chips, synthetic colored soils, etc. There is no restriction on the size of the soil since there will be no living plants in our aquarium. The most natural is not a very small white marble crumb, sprinkled with beige or gray ground in places. Despite the fact that the aquarium is bright and contrasting, it is not recommended to use artificial soils of unnatural colors – blue, green, red. Still, we want to create a picture that is close to the natural environment. For registration use natural materials, including dead corals, stones of porous calcareous rocks.
Modern synthetic materials are inert to water, so the choice of fish for such an aquarium is more free, up to pictograms from the soft waters of Brazil. In addition, a wide range of modern artificial soils and decorations for the aquarium allows you to create a beautiful landscape with the use of fish of almost any color.
To give a picturesque and relief surface of the bottom you can use all sorts of grottos and terraces. Stones in the pseudomorphic aquarium are desirable irregular shapes, uncoated, in harmony with the intertwining of coral branches. The same applies to the terraces: it is not so much their height and number of floors, as the attractiveness of the form. However, this does not mean that in a pseudo-marine aquarium you can shove without thinking, all that has a “non-standard” form. It is desirable to arrange the scenery so that the basic laws of composition are observed. Secondary elements of decoration should be subordinated to the main, to emphasize its attractiveness and originality.
When choosing a version of the arrangement of the reservoir, it should be taken into account that the vast majority of fish used in this style are mobile, sufficiently large, requiring sufficient space for swimming, and there is no need to excessively cluttering the aquarium with the scenery. In general, marine aquariums are less loaded with decorations than tropical ones, “equators”, etc. In the encumbrances of corals, stones, synthetic plants, fish will simply become invisible.
The back wall of the making an aquarium is decorated with a background. In the simplest case, this is a monochromatic film of black or blue or a picture with a marine plot. The maximum attractiveness of the reservoir can be achieved with the help of relief backgrounds specially designed for marine aquariums.
Since the aquarium pseudo-sea is intended primarily for decorative, not cognitive purposes, it is not necessary to reproduce the biotope attributes in detail in it. For example, if we arrange a lot of shelters in making an aquarium with Malawi cichlids, the fish will feel more comfortable, but the decorative value of the reservoir will drop noticeably, as some fish will necessarily sit in them.